|Product Name||HSP27 Antibody: FITC|
Mouse Anti-Human HSP27 Monoclonal IgG2b Kappa
|Applications||, FCM , FACS|
|Antibody Dilution||FACS (1:50); optimal dilutions for assays should be determined by the user.|
AP (Alkaline Phosphatase)
HRP (Horseradish peroxidase)
|Storage Buffer||PBS pH7.4, 50% glycerol, 0.09% sodium azide|
|Shipping Temperature||Blue Ice or 4ºC|
|Purification||Protein G Purified|
|Specificity||Detects ~27kDa. No cross-reactivity to alphaB Crystallin.|
|Cite This Product||Mouse Anti-Human HSP27 Monoclonal, Clone 5D12-A12 (StressMarq Biosciences Inc., Victoria BC CANADA, Catalog # SMC-186)|
|Certificate of Analysis||20 µg/ml of SMC-186 was sufficient for detection of HSP27 in human Jurkat cells by FACS analysis.|
|Alternative Names||28kDa heat shock protein Antibody, CMT2F Antibody, HSP25 Antibody, HSP27 Antibody, HSP28 Antibody, HSPB1 Antibody, SRP27 Antibody|
|Research Areas||Cancer, Heat Shock|
|Cellular Localization||Cytoplasm, Nucleus|
|Scientific Background||HSP27s belong to an abundant and ubiquitous family of small heat shock proteins (sHSP). It is an important HSP found in both normal human cells and cancer cells. The basic structure of most sHSPs is a homologous and highly conserved amino acid sequence, with an α-crystallin domain at the C-terminus and the WD/EPF domain at the less conserved N-terminus. This N-terminus is essential for the development of high molecular oligomers (1, 2). HSP27-oligomers consist of stable dimers formed by as many as 8-40 HSP27 protein monomers (3). The oligomerization status is connected with the chaperone activity: aggregates of large oligomers have high chaperone activity, whereas dimers have no chaperone activity (4). HSP27 is localized to the cytoplasm of unstressed cells but can redistribute to the nucleus in response to stress, where it may function to stabilize DNA and/or the nuclear membrane. Other functions include chaperone activity (as mentioned above), thermo tolerance in vivo, inhibition of apoptosis, and signal transduction. Specifically, in vitro, it acts as an ATP-independent chaperone by inhibiting protein aggregation and by stabilizing partially denatured proteins, which ensures refolding of the HSP70 complex. HSP27 is also involved in the apoptotic signaling pathway because it interferes with the activation of cytochrome c/Apaf-1/dATP complex, thereby inhibiting the activation of procaspase-9. It is also hypothesized that HSP27 may serve some role in cross-bridge formation between actin and myosin (5). And finally, HSP27 is also thought to be involved in the process of cell differentiation. The up-regulation of HSP27 correlates with the rate of phosphorylation and with an increase of large oligomers. It is possible that HSP27 may play a crucial role in termination of growth (6). For more information visit our HSP27 Scientific Resource Guide at http://www.HSP27.com.|
|References||1. Kim K.K., Kim R., and Kim, S. (1998) Nature 394(6693): 595-599.
2. Van Montfort R., Slingsby C., and Vierling E. (2001) Addv Protein Chem. 59: 105-56.
3. Ehrnsperger M., Graber S., Gaestel M. and Buchner J. (1997) EMBO J. 16: 221-229.
4. Ciocca D.R., Oesterreich S., Chamness G.C., McGuire W.L., and Fugua S.A. (1993) J Natl Cancer Inst. 85 (19): 1558-70.
5. Sarto C., Binnz P.A., and Mocarelli P. (2000) Electrophoresis. 21(6): 1218-26.
6. Arrigo A.P. (2005) J Cell Biochem. 94(2): 241-6.
Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting analysis using Mouse Anti-Hsp27: FITC Monoclonal Antibody, Clone 5D12-A12 (SMC-186). Tissue: Heat Shocked CD3+ CD8+ T cells . Species: Mouse. Primary Antibody: Mouse Anti-Hsp27: FITC Monoclonal Antibody (SMC-186) at 1:1000. Courtesy of: Cheryl Cameron, Vaccine and Gene Therapy Instit. Florida.
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