|Product Name||HSP60 Protein|
Active Human Recombinant HSP60 Protein
|Applications||, WB , SDS-PAGE , ATPase Activity Assay , Functional Assay , ELISA|
|Concentration||Lot/batch specific. See included datasheet.|
AP (Alkaline Phosphatase)
HRP (Horseradish peroxidase)
|Expression System||E. coli|
|Biological Activity||ATPase active|
|Storage Buffer||20mM Phosphate Buffer, 150mM NaCl, 10% glycerol|
|Shipping Temperature||Blue Ice or 4ºC|
|Cite This Product||Human Recombinant HSP60 Protein (StressMarq Biosciences Inc., Victoria BC CANADA, Catalog # SPR-104)|
|Certificate of Analysis||This product has been certified >90% pure using SDS-PAGE analysis. The protein has ATPase activity at the time of manufacture of 3.6µM phosphate liberated/hr/µg protein in a 200µl reaction at 37°C (pH7.5) in the presence of 20ul of 1mM ATP using a Malachite Green assay.|
|Alternative Names||60kDa chaperonin Protein, cb863 Protein, CPN60 Protein, GROEL Protein, GroEL Homolog Protein, HLD4 Protein, HSP65 Protein, HSPD1 Protein, HuCHA60 Protein, SPG13 Protein|
|Research Areas||Cancer, Heat Shock|
|Cellular Localization||Mitochondrion Matrix|
|Scientific Background||In both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, the misfolding and aggregation of proteins during biogenesis and under conditions of cellular stress are prevented by molecular chaperones. Members of the HSP60 family of heat shock proteins are some of the best characterized chaperones. HSP60, also known as Cpn60 or GroEl, is an abundant protein synthesized constitutively in the cell that is induced to a higher concentration after brief cell shock. It is present in many species and exhibits a remarkable sequence homology among various counterparts in bacteria, plants, and mammals with more than half of the residues identical between bacterial and mammalian HSP60 (1-3). Whereas mammalian HSP60 is localized within the mitochondria, plant HSP60, or otherwise known as Rubisco-binding protein, is located in plant chloroplasts. It has been indicated that these proteins carry out a very important biological function due to the fact that HSP60 is present in so many different species. The common characteristics of the HSP60s from the divergent species are i) high abundance, ii) induction with environmental stress such as heat shock, iii) homo-oligomeric structures of either 7 or 14 subunits which reversibly dissociate in the presence of Mg2+ and ATP, iv) ATPase activity and v) a role in folding and assembly of oligomeric protein structures (4). These similarities are supported by recent studies where the single-ring human mitochondrial homolog, HSP60 with its co-chaperonin, HSP10 were expressed in a E. coli strain, engineered so that the groE operon is under strict regulatory control. This study has demonstrated that expression of HSP60-HSP10 was able to carry out all essential in vivo functions of GroEL and its co-chaperonin, GroES (5). Another important function of HSP60 and HSP10 is their protective functions against infection and cellular stress. HSP60 has however been linked to a number of autoimmune diseases, as well as Alzheimer's, coronary artery diseases, MS, and diabetes (6-9).|
|References||1. Hartl F.U. (1996) Nature. 381: 571-579.
2. Bukau B. and Horwich A.L. (1998) Cell. 92: 351-366.
3.Hartl F.U. and Hayer-Hartl M. (2002) Science. 295: 1852-1858.
4. Jindal S., et al. (1989) Molecular and Cellular Biol. 9: 2279-2283.
5. La Verda D., et al (1999) Infect Dis. Obstet. Gynecol. 7: 64-71.
6. Itoh H., et al. (2002) Eur. J. Biochem. 269: 5931-5938.
7.Gupta S. and Knowlton A.A. J. Cell Mol Med. 9: 51-58.
8. Deocaris C.C. et al. (2006) Cell Stress Chaperones. 11: 116-128.
9. Lai H.C., et al. (2007) Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. 292: E292-E297.
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